Tiger is the national animal of India. In order to protect this Royal animal from becoming extinct, Tiger Reserves are set up for the purpose. In Odisha, there are two major Tiger Reserves:-
1)Similipal Tiger Reserve – The district of Mayurbhanj has the major population of tigers within the state of Odisha. Similipal Tiger Reserve is both a National Park and Tiger Reserve in Mayurbhanj district. It is the second largest National Park in India. It ranges over an area of 2750 square kilometres. It is home to 99 Royal Bengal tigers. Its the only place in the world that has a sorce population of tigers. Tiger is just and indicator species, the project in Similipal lays down incidental conservation of the whole biota present in these forests. Observations suggest that Similipal habitat will soon be reaching its maximum carrying capacity for tigers. UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves accepted Similipal Tiger Reserve as a part of it since 2009.
2)Satkosia Tiger Reserve – This Tiger Reserve is abundant with large cats, along with their preys in wetland fauna in Mahanadi river and rich biodiversity in the terrestrial ecosystem. It spreads over Angul, Cuttack, Boudh and Nayagarh districts, thus covering an area of 963.87 square kilometres. It was created in 1976 and designated in 2007. It is the intersecting point of two geographic regions of India, the Deccan Peninsula and the Eastern Ghats, which contribute immense biodiversity. It is a paradise for tigers. Being one of the best ecosystems in the country, it exhibits diverse floral and faunal extravaganza. The deep blue water of Mahanadi river and basking of crocodiles in the sun add to its scenic beauty. It is a great picnic spot too!